The Multiple Choice Question test (MCQ test) consists of up to 150 questions. The time frame for the MC test is 3-5 hours.

This time frame includes transfer of the individual answer codes to the evaluation form.

The MCQ-answers are selected by the committee from a catalogue respecting a numeric distribution following the "Blueprint GenSurg" categories .

4 types of questions are used for the MCQ-test :

  1. Apos type(single answer out of 5 items, true)
  2. Aneg type(single answer out of 5 items, false)
  3. Kprim type (4 items, give true/false for each item)
  4. E type (select between: 5 items: "+ because+", "+/+", "+/-", "-/+", "-/-")

About 70% of question are A type (Anegbelow 20%), about 15% are Kprim and about 5% are E type.

The type of the question is clear from the structure, the wording and the number and expression of items.

For each correct answer in A and E questions 2 points are given. Three correct answers in a Kprimquestion are given 1 point.

In the following examples for Apos, Aneg, Kprim and E are provided:

Question1 (Type Apos)
In patients receiving massive blood transfusion for acute bloodloss, which of the following is correct?
A Packed red blood cells and crystalloid solution should be infused to restore oxygen-carrying capacity and intravascular volume.
B Two units of FFP should be given with every 5 units of packed red blood cells in most cases.
C Six packs of platelet concentrate should be administered with every 10 units of packed red blood cells.

D

One to two ampules of 8.4% sodium bicarbonate should be administered with every 5 units of packed red blood cells to avoid acidosis.

E

One ampule of calcium chloride should be administered with every 5 units of packed red blood cells to avoid hypocalcemia.
Question 2 (Type Aneg)
Which of the following conditions is NOT caused by stenosis of the mitral valve?
A Hypertrophy of the left atrium
B Hypertrophy of the right chamber
C Hypertrophy of the left chamber
D Chronic blood congestion in the lungs
E Hemosiderin pigmentation in the lung
Question3 (Type Kprim)
Which of the following statements are true of the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)?

+

 

-

The two-hit model proposes that secondary MODS may be produced when even a relatively minor second insult reactivates, in amore amplified form, the systemic inflammatory response that was primed by an initial insult to the host.

+

 

-

Shock due to sepsis or Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)  and MODS may be regarded as a continuum of illness severity.

+

 

-

Prolonged stimulation or activation of Kupffer cells in the liver is thought to be a critical factor in the sustained, uncontrolled release of inflam­matory mediators.

+

 

-

The incidence of MODS in intensive care units has decreased owing to increased awareness, prevention, and treatment of the syndrome.
Question 4 (Type E)
A 35 year old female patient with a 1 cm large histologically verified ductal breast cancer is treated by an organ preserving tumorectomy, sentinel node biopsy and/or axillary lymphadenectomy followed by local radiation of the breast and possibly the axilla.
because
in this situation the organ preserving operative strategy achieves the same good long term results in respect to survival as compared to mastectomy and axillary lymphadenectomy.

+ because +

 

+/+

 

+/-

 

-/+

 

-/-

Question 5 (Type E)
Brain edema following blunt trauma may result in impaired consciousness
because
increase of intracranial pressure leads to an increase in the difference between mean arterial blood pressure and intracranial pressure (=cerebral perfusion pressure).

+ because +

 

+/+

 

+/-

 

-/+

 

-/-

Anwers:
Question 1 (Type A+): Key A
Question 2 (Type A-): Key C
Question 3 (Type Kprim): Key + + + -
Question 4 (Type E): Key: + because +
Question 5 (Type E): Key: +/-